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Mint & Unissued Springfield Armory Model 1873 Trapdoor Rifle c. 1882

Product Description

Mint & Unissued Springfield Model 1873 Trapdoor Rifle, c. 1882

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This is a mint condition and probably unissued, museum quality Springfield Armory Model 1873 Trapdoor Rifle in .45-70 caliber.

The serial number on this rifle is 197320, which places its date of manufacture to 1882. Springfield Armory only produced 27,892 rifles that year. The Model 1873 was the first model of the .45-70 trapdoor service rifles and was manufactured at Springfield Armory from 1873-1886.

The Barrel on this Rifle is in mint condition. The barrel is 32.60” long with a 0.730” barrel diameter at the muzzle. The barrel retains 98% of the original blue finish with very minor wear noted near the muzzle. The left, rear side of the barrel has the serif “V” view proof stamp over the serif “P” firing proof stamp over the eagle head over the second serif “P” proof stamp, indicating proof firing with a special 80 grain cartridge of the assembled barrel, receiver and breech block. (The first, or top “V” stamp was a firing proof verification of the unrifled barrel blank). The top of the barrel has a serif “R” barrel inspector’s stamp. The bottom, rear of the barrel also has the “P” stamp over “” tilde stamp over “9” over “2” which is the inspection stamp done after proofing of the unrifled barrel blank. This proof was only done from serial numbers 160,000 to 290,000. The bore of the rifle is in mint condition with a mirror finish and strong rifling.

The chamber is in mint, unfired condition and retains all of its original dark, oil quenched finish. The bottom, exterior surface of the chamber has “1” stamp as well as the plug for the cartridge retaining lug. The Breech Plug and Tang both retain 99% of the original color case-hardened finish. The lower back wall of the plug has several inspection stamps. The Tang Screw is the correct single-slot type and is unmarred and it retains 98% of its original blued finish.

The Front Sight Stud remains tightly brazed to the barrel and it retains 98% of its original finish. The Front Sight Blade is the correct Second Type with flat sides and beveled top rear that was used from 1878 to 1886. The Front Sight Blade is still tightly pinned into the stud.

The Rear Sight is the mint condition Model 1879 Rifle Sight, also known as the Buckhorn. This particular sight is the Model 1879, Fourth Form, Third Variation and is in mint, unissued condition. The Model 1879 Buckhorn Rear Sight was introduced in 1879 and is 100 to 550 yards on the base, from 600, 1,200 yards on the front of the leaf and from 1,300 to 1,600 yards on the rear, side of the leaf. The left, top side of the leaf has the correct serif “R” for rifle stamp. The open “buckhorn” sight is on the slide, which was used for rolling fire set at 266 yards. Both single-slot screws on the slide have unmarred slots. The left side of the base has the serif “R” rifle stamp and the sans serif “B” stamp with arrow indicating the rolling fire mark (at 266 yards).

The Lower Band is the correct Model 1879 Lower Band with rounded top. The Band is correctly marked with the serif “U” stamp and it retains 98% of its original niter blue finish with minor dings and scratches present. The Lower Band Spring retains 98% of its original blue finish.

The Upper Band is the correct Model 1874 Rifle Upper Barrel Band with the larger “U” stamp, which was incorporated in 1879. The Band retains 99% of its original niter blue finish. The Lug also retains the majority of its niter blue finish and the lug pin remains solidly in place. Both the sling swivel and stacking swivel are present and both retain 98% plus of the original niter blue finish. The Sling Swivel has the 1879 Patent date. The Front Band Spring retains 99% of its original blued finish and both bands remain solidly on the stock.

The Breech Block is a mint condition Sixth Type that is crisply marked “U.S./MODEL/1873,” adjacent to the hinge point. The Breech Block retains 99% of the original and very vivid color case-hardened finish on the top (external) and interior sides. The colors are as sharp internally as the day this rifle was manufactured. The breech face is very clean and also retains virtually all of its original color case-hardened finish and it appears unfired.

The Cam Latch is the correct Second Type with the ground and polished rivet. The Cam Latch retains 98% of its original blue finish. The Cam Latch works perfectly and the breech block is very tight when it battery with no movement noticed. The original firing pin is present with a still sharp, pronounced striker end and exhibits no wear and appears unfired.

The Receiver is the correct .45-70 type with gas ports milled into both the left and right sides. The chamber area is in mint, unfired condition and retains 98% of the original blue finish. The rear of the Receiver has the full serial number “197320,” with no wear at all. The Receiver retains 99% of its original dark oil quench finish.

The Lock Plate is the correct Second Type with the large shield on the eagle. Both the eagle and the serif “U.S./SPRINGFIELD” stampings remain crisp and clear. The lock plate retains 99% of its original oil case-hardened finish that exhibits a deep blue color. The Hammer is the correct Third Type with beveled lip. The cross hatching on the thumb piece is still crisply cut. The Hammer retains 98% of its original oil case-hardened finish as does the Hammer Screw, which is the correct single slot type. The interior of the lock is as fine as the day it was manufactured in 1882. The interior of the lock plate surface retains all of its original dark oil quenched finish. The Main Spring retains all of its original finish. The three-position Tumbler retains all of its original finish and has a serif “J” inspection mark. The Sear retains all of its original oil finish. The Sear Spring retains all of its finish as does all three lock screws, which have unmarred slots.

The Trigger Guard is the correct two-piece type used up until the Model 1888 Rifle with the single-piece design was adopted. The Trigger Guard Plate is the correct Model 1863 pattern with rounded pads. Both Model 1863 (rounded pads) and Model 1864 (squared pads) plates were used during Model 1873 production with both being used in approximately equal numbers for rifles manufactured between 1879 and 1888. The Trigger Guard Bow is the correct Model 1864 pattern that uses a screw to attach the rear sling swivel. The single slot screw is unmarred and is in mint condition. The Trigger Guard Plate, Bow and Sling Swivel all retain 98% of the beautiful original blue finish. Both single-slot wood screws are present. The Trigger is the correct First Type with smooth face. The Trigger retains the vast majority of its original oil case-hardened finish. The trigger release is still crisp.

The Stock is the fine and original Model 1873 Rifle Stock. On the left stock flat is the correct, clipped corner, boxed, script “SWP/1882,” cartouche of Springfield Master Armorer Samuel W. Porter, who held this position at Springfield from 1879-1894. The cartouche is still very crisp and visible. The bottom of the stock wrist has the correct circle, script “P” firing proof stamp along with a serif “V” stock inspector’s stamp. Both original lock plate screw washers are present and both retain virtually all of their original finish. The internal ramrod friction retainer retains all of its original blued finish. The stock exhibits a few small dings and scratches but no cracks are noted. The stock retains its original oil finish.

The Nose Cap is still solidly in place and retains 98% of its original finish. The Nose Cap Screw retains all of its original blued finish and the slot is unmarred. The correct Model 1877 Rifle Butt Plate is present and the tang retains the majority of its original finish. The tang is stamped with the serif “U.S.” stamp. There is wear at the shoulder of the butt plate to the rear of the tang screw, which retains the majority of its original finish and the slot is unmarred. The back side of the butt plate retains 80% of the original blue finish and the original convex, single-slot butt plate screw is unmarred. The butt plate is the only area on the rifle that exhibits wear and this wear was probably from storage on its butt in the upright position.

The stock carries the correct Model 1878 Rifle Ramrod, Second Type, with cupped end. The ramrod retains 98% plus of the original blued finish and still attaches securely when stowed. All of the original finger cannelures at the other end of the ramrod remain crisply machined.

This Springfield Model 1873 Rifle is in simply beautiful condition and appears as if it were never issued or fired after it was manufactured. This rifle functions perfectly.

This rifle is an antique so it can be shipped to anyone. This rifle will also come with an historic writeup and a CD containing all of the photos in the listing. I accept Visa and MasterCard and charge NO FEES. Please let me know if you have any questions or if you would like additional photos posted.

 

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